Everything You Need to Know to Pick the Perfect Foundation
Here’s the irony: the best foundation should look like you’re not wearing any. It perfects your complexion but looks so natural people think you have perfect skin. Here’s how to find your Holy Grail foundation.
Foundation Shades: Finding the Perfect Match
If you don’t get the exact foundation shade, your makeup is going to look like a mask. Luckily, more brands carry a wide shade range to cater to different skin tones. Here are some things to consider:
Aside from the usual “Light, Medium and Dark” they also include factors like undertone.
Undertone is the colour underneath your skin that affects the hue of your skin. You can be a cool, warm or neutral.
Cool undertone has hints of red, pink and blue. Warm undertone has hints of yellow, golden or peach. If you look at foundation shades, you can see if they are pinkish or yellowish. Consider that as you look at your foundation shades.
Some people have acidic skin (a good sign is if your costume jewelry or accessories tends to tarnish). This can affect your foundation colour. Because of the high acid PH, your makeup can oxidize or darken after awhile. So, even if your foundation looks flawless when you first apply it, over the day it can seem greyish or orangey.
If you have acidic skin, get 1 foundation lighter or use a makeup primer.
Most people match foundation to their face, but sometimes your face can be noticeably lighter (or darker) than the rest of your neck and body. If that’s the case, adjust your foundation shade according to your overall skin colour.
Foundation makeup comes in different kinds of formulas, and even different product categories. Here are your foundation Singapore options.
Foundations for skin types
You can find foundations for normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, and combination skin. There are also special foundations for sensitive skin, and even natural and organic foundations for those who prefer to stay clear of artificial fragrances or chemicals. You can also get foundations for acne-prone skin (these are non-comedogenic and may even contain acne-fighting ingredients) and ageing skin.
Foundations also differ in how they make your skin appear.
Some foundations make your skin look more dewy and radiant. These are ideal for dry or ageing skin, which need to look and feel more hydrated.
Other foundations create a very matte finish, which helps your skin look very smooth and practically poreless.
Between these extremes are semi-matte foundations, and velvet foundations.
Level of coverage
Sheer foundations feel very light, but have very little coverage. It can even out the skin tone, but still shows your skin texture.
Medium coverage foundation has more pigments and can even out discoloration and hide small blemishes.
Full coverage foundations will hide everything and will look flawless even in bright lights. This includes HD or high-definition foundation, and studio makeup.
Types of Foundation Makeup
Powder makeup. This includes loose powders or powder compacts. Some are pigmented, while translucent powders are colourless and only meant to set cream or liquid foundation.
Liquid foundation. Best foundation for dry or ageing skin, because it won’t settle into lines.
Cream foundation. Tends to have more coverage and can last longer, but can feel heavy or oily.
Mineral powders. Mineral makeup is said to be less irritating because it does not need emollients, artificial preservatives, or fragrances.
Airbrush foundation. Once used only by makeup artists, it is gaining a following because of its very natural finish.
BB creams and CC creams. BB and CC creams combine the benefits of foundation with skincare and sun protection. While the original BB creams were from Korea, international brands have also released their own BB creams.
Cushion compacts. This Korean foundation trend became incredibly popular, not just because of the great formulas but adorable packaging!